Penile and Testicular Problems – An Overview

Medical problems affecting men’s penile and testicular regions are not uncommon and can have quite a damning effect on the sufferer. Not only can these conditions be a source of embarrassment, they can also lead to severe sexual problems, depression, and can even be the cause of relationships breaking up. In extreme cases, amputation of the penis is also a possibility. Therefore, knowing a little about such problems will definitely help.

Some Common Penile and Testicular Problems:

Some common problems men are affected with in the penile/testicular region include balanitis, peyronie’s disease, priapism, penile & testicular cancer, hydrocele, epididymitis, and testicular torsion. The good thing about most of these conditions is that they can be treated quite easily as long as they’re detected in the early stages.

Identifying the Causes:

If you’re hoping to steer clear of the pain and discomfort that is associated with most of these conditions, knowing what to watch out for ahead of time will surely help. However, since there are numerous conditions you can be affected by, the causes to look for also vary. Here are a few examples.

  • Balanitis can be caused owing to different factors, some of which include not being circumcised, poor hygiene, allergies, dermatitis, diabetes, as well as sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Common causes linked to the onset of priapism include overexposure to particular medications, drug & alcohol abuse, blood disorders, injury to the penile region, anaesthesia, etc.
  • While the exact causes for penile cancer haven’t been ascertained, not being circumcised during childhood, smoking, the accumulation of smegma, as well as old age, are regarded as possible causes.
  • While epididymitis is a condition that is commonly seen in children, certain viral and bacterial infections as well as undergoing a vasectomy can lead to adults contracting this condition.

Identifying the Signs:

Again, the symptoms would vary in accordance to the condition. Some common signs to watch out for are as follows.

  • Priapism normally occurs while sleeping, and the erection is not the result of your being sexually aroused. The erection can also be accompanied by extreme pain along the shaft’s base.
  • Symptoms of balanitis include tenderness, swelling and redness of the penis’ head; having trouble in retracting the foreskin; penile discharge; etc.
  • Signs of penile cancer include one or more lumps on the penis as well as irritation, soreness, or redness of the penis.
  • Symptoms of testicular cancer include painless swelling or lumps in the testicles; pain/discomfort in the testicles or the scrotum; unexplained lower back pain or pain in the groin; the sudden accumulation of fluids in the scrotum; etc.

The Treatment:

There are different courses of treatments suggested for different problems, and this makes identifying the problem very important. Some common courses of treatments for different conditions include the following.

  • In cases of balanitis, the underlying cause needs to be identified first, and then a suitable antifungal or antibiotic might be suggested. In cases where the inflammation is persistent, circumcision might be suggested.
  • In case of priapism, treatment can involve blood being drained from the penis by using a needle placed alongside the penis. The use of medication is also possible, and so is the transfusion of blood (after taking into account the patient’s complete medical history).
  • Treatment for penile cancer can include cryosurgery, microsurgery, laser surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, circumcision, or even penectomy which refers to the amputation of the penis.
  • Treatment for testicular cancer includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.

Looking for Help:

As soon as you think that you might have a penile or testicular problem, the first thing you should do is get in touch with a doctor. If you’re not comfortable discussing this matter with your family doctor, consult someone else, but do not postpone looking for treatment. Know that if you address the problem at the onset, there’s a good chance that you’ll be spared a fair amount of pain and discomfort.

So, in case you are someone close to you might suffer from a penile or testicular problem, heading to the doctor becomes crucial. The doctor will then diagnose the condition by running some tests if required, and only after the problem is diagnosed will a further course of action be charted. And yes, take heart in knowing that most of these problems can be treated quite easily.


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